Credit Report and Credit Score Terms & Definitions
Glossary of Credit Report Terms and Credit Repair Definitions
up Annual Percentage Rate
(APR) — The cost of credit as a yearly rate.
up Appraisal Fee
The charge for estimating the value of property offered as security.
Property that can be used to repay debt, such as stocks and bonds or a car.
Teller Machines (ATMs) — Electronic terminals located on bank premises or elsewhere, through which customers of financial institutions may make deposits, withdrawals, or other transactions as they would through a bank teller.
up Balloon Payment
A large extra payment that may be charged at the end of a loan or lease.
up Billing Error
Any mistake in your monthly statement as defined by the
up Business Days
Check with your institution to find out what days it counts as business days under the Truth in Lending and Electronic Fund Transfer Acts.
Property offered to support a loan and subject to seizure if you default.
Another person who signs your loan and assumes equal responsibility for it.
The right granted by a creditor to pay in the future in order to buy or borrow in the present; a sum of money due a person or business.
up Credit Bureau
An agency that keeps your credit record.
up Credit Card
Any card, plate, or coupon book used from time to time or over and over again to borrow money or buy goods or services on credit.
up Credit History
The record of how you’ve borrowed and repaid debts.
A person or business from whom you borrow or to whom you owe money.
up Credit-related Insurance
Health, life, or accident insurance designed to pay the outstanding balance of debt.
up Credit Scoring System
A statistical system used to rate credit applicants according to various characteristics relevant to creditworthiness.
Past and future ability to repay debts.
up Debit Card
(EFT Card) — A plastic card, looks similar to a credit card, that consumers may use to make purchases, withdrawals, or other types of electronic fund transfers.
Failure to repay a loan or otherwise meet the terms of your credit agreement.
Information that must be given to consumers about their financial dealings.
up Elderly Applicant
As defined in the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, a person 62 or older.
up Electronic Fund Transfer
(EFT) Systems — A variety of systems and technologies for transferring funds electronically rather than by check.
up Finance Charge
The total dollar amount credit will cost.
up Home Equity Line of Credit
A form of open open-endend credit in which the home serves as collateral.
up Joint Account
A credit account held by two or more people so that all can use the account and all assume legal responsibility to repay.
up Late Payment
A payment made later than agreed upon in a credit contract and on which additional charges may be imposed.
A person who signs a lease to get temporary use of property.
A company that provides temporary use of property usually in return for periodic payment.
up Liability on an Account
Legal responsibility to repay debt.
up Open-End Credit
A line of credit that may be used over and over again, including credit cards, overdraft credit accounts, and home equity lines.
up Open-End Lease
A lease which may involve a balloon payment based on the value of the property when it is returned.
up Overdraft Checking
A line of credit that allows you to write checks or draw funds by means of an EFT card for more than your actual balance, with an interest charge on the overdraft.
(POS) — A method by which consumers can pay for purchases by having their deposit accounts debited electronically without the use of checks.
up Points and Origination Fees
Points are finance charges paid at the beginning of a mortgage in addition to monthly interest. One point equals one percent of the loan amount. An origination fee covers the lender’s work in preparing your mortgage loan.
up Punitive Damages
Damages awarded by a court above actual damages as punishment for a violation of law.
The cancellation or “unwinding” of a contract.
Property pledged to the creditor in case of a default on a loan; see collateral.
up Security Interest
The creditor’s right to take property or a portion of property offered as security.
up Service Charge
A component of some finance charges, such as the fee for triggering an overdraft checking account into use.